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Brief  introduction of Comrade Liu Shaoqi


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Liu Shaoqi ( 1898 to 1969 ) the great Marxist , proletarian revolutionary, statesman and theorist , Chinese Communist Party and the People's Republic of the main leaders. Hunan Ningxiang people . November 24, 1898 born . A teenager in his hometown went to private school and elementary school , high school graduation in 1919 . 1920 joined the Chinese Socialist Youth League . 1921 to苏俄莫斯科Oriental laborers communism University. In the same year into Chinese Communist Party.

1922 returning in the labor movement in China labor union secretary of the Department ( ACFTU 's predecessor ) work . Soon, delegated by the party leadership of the NPC Anyuan miners strike , Renan Yuan Lu miners club on behalf of Director and Director . May 1925 at the Second National Labour Congress was elected vice chairman of the ACFTU . May 1927 at the Fifth National Congress of the CPC Central Committee was elected on . First Cooperation rupture, in Shanghai , Tianjin, Peking, Harbin and other places engaged in secret work . The summer of 1930 went to Moscow to attend the International Red workers Fifth Congress , was elected as member of the Executive Board .

January 1931 at the Fourth Plenary Session of the Sixth CPC was elected alternate member of the Politburo . In autumn return, the CPC Central Committee , Minister of workers , the ACFTU Ministers of the Organization . The winter of 1932 into the central revolutionary base , has served as chairman of the ACFTU Soviet Central Executive Board , secretary of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee . October 1934 to participate in the Long March , he served as the Red Army Eighth Army , the Fifth Corps on behalf of the CPC Central Committee and director of the Political Department of the Third Army . January 1935 , held in Guizhou enlarged meeting of the Politburo ( ie Zunyi Conference ) supported Mao's correct position . Spring of 1936 went to the north, on behalf of the CPC Central Committee , the CPC Central Committee on the establishment of the implementation of the anti-Japanese national united front policy , the secrets of the past work of the Communist Party of closed and adventurism were systematically criticized , presented on the white area to work properly theories and strategies.

War broke out, he served as secretary of the Northern Bureau of the CPC Central Committee , uphold the Party's deep behind enemy lines , mobilize the masses to carry out guerrilla warfare approach, led the Japanese Base and Shanxi Japanese creation of the new army . November 1938 to expand the Sixth CPC Central Committee , the Central Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Central organizational strength in depth behind enemy lines , to carry out guerrilla war. 1941 Wannan Incident, as the political commissar of the New Fourth Army , secretary of the CPC Central Committee and the Central Military Commission, the New Fourth Army Central Bureau branch secretary, Chen Yi, along with the reconstruction of the New Fourth Army , reversing the plight of the New Fourth Army , rehabilitation and development of the Yangtze River region of the anti-Japanese armed forces , expanding the central anti-Japanese base . By the end of 1942 returned to Yan'an . March 1943 the CPC Central Committee Secretariat and the Central Military Commission Vice Chairman . May 1945 at the Seventh CPC National Congress as " on amending the constitution of the party 's report ," scientifically summarized the main contents of Mao Zedong Thought , Mao Zedong Thought is a brilliantly put forward the theory of Marxism-Leninism with the practice of the Chinese revolution unified thinking . In a Plenary Session of the Seventh CPC Central Committee Political Bureau member was elected member of the Secretariat , and Mao Zedong , Zhu De , Zhou Enlai, Ren Bishi, Mao Zedong as the core component party first stable mature leadership .

After the victory of Mao Zedong went to Chongqing during the negotiations , he was Deputy CPC chairman , presided over the making " development of the north and south defense" decisions. March 1947 Working Committee of the CPC Central Committee, with Zhu De and other transfers to the north, is responsible for the central commission 's work. July , the National Land Conference hosted xibaipo formulated " China Outline Land Law " to determine the solution to China's basic policy of land issues , to further promote the regional leadership of the Communist land reform movement . March 1949 to attend the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh CPC involved in developing win complete victory in the war of liberation and the Party's work focus from rural to urban areas in major strategic decisions. April , May, commissioned by Mao Zedong , went to Tianjin research, reversing the Tianjin Economic recovery in chaos. In June, the CPC delegation to visit the Soviet Union , Stalin and the establishment of relations between the two parties to discuss issues related to China .

September 1949 , the Chinese People's Political first plenary session elected the Central People's Government Vice President , was subsequently appointed to the Central People's Government of the People's Revolutionary Military Commission Vice Chairman . He formulated the country's political , economic, cultural , educational, foreign affairs and other policies play an important role. In 1950 he presided over the formulation of the " People's Republic of Agrarian Reform Law " and other documents , to become the founding guide the healthy development of the country 's land reform and fundamental basis . September 1954 at the first session of the National People's Congress meeting as " a report on the draft Constitution of the People " , and was elected as the first session of the National People's Congress Standing Committee Chairman . September 1956 at the Eighth National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party , he made ??on behalf of the CPC Central Committee Political Report , proposed to China as soon as possible from a backward agricultural country into an advanced industrial country , the development of the cause of socialism and party building provides direction . Eighth in a Plenary Session of the CPC elected to the Politburo Standing Committee, Central Committee Vice Chairman . April 1959 , at the second session of the National People's Congress meeting, was elected President of the PRC , Chairman of the National Defense Commission . Early 1960s, China 's economy has undergone serious difficulties , and went down , carry a lot of research , clearly according to economic approaches to the management of economic and Zhou Enlai , Chen Yun and Deng Xiaoping together to develop a series of policy measures pragmatic , support and guide the implementation of " adjustment , consolidate, enrich and improve " the correct policy , the national economy has been restored and developed. In the period of socialist construction , he presided over the central line of the long-term work , together with other leaders of the CPC Central Committee , in order to find a suitable for China's road construction in-depth exploration of the idea put forward many unique theory . His People's Congress system establishment and implementation of pioneering work carried out . His party has highlighted the importance of building achievements , the book " On a Good Communist ", " On the Party ", etc., enriched Marxism-Leninism , Mao Zedong Thought on Party building theory. 1960 , 1963 and 1964 he has visited the Soviet Union , Indonesia, Myanmar , Cambodia, Vietnam , North Korea, Pakistan, Afghanistan, East Pakistan ( now Bangladesh ) and other countries , the development of friendly relations with these countries . January 1965 at the Third National People's Congress meeting re-elected as President of the PRC , Chairman of the National Defense Commission . 1966 "Cultural Revolution" began, he would be a mistake criticism was Lin Biao and Jiang Qing 's political frame-up group and personal violence, revoked all his posts . In the most difficult moments, he is still the party and the people, and the lofty ideal of communism confident , convinced that " Fortunately, history is written by the people ." November 12, 1969 in Henan Kaifeng died . February 1980 Fifth Plenary Session of the Eleventh CPC Liu Shaoqi to restore the reputation of making specific decisions. His major works income " Liu Shaoqi anthology" ( two volumes ) .

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